The Copts established the first theological school in Alexandria which produced many great minds such as Clement, Origen and Athanasius. Their theological and philosophical contributions to Christian doctrine and dogma especially in the Ecumenical Councils had a profound effect on Christianity. Among these Egyptian theologians, monasticism also began making Egypt the motherland of monasticism. Coptic monasticism was established by St. Anthony the Great, born in Upper Egypt in 251 A.D. This movement spread not only throughout Egypt but also Europe as well through the efforts of Coptic monks. In the 4th and 5th centuries Coptic monasticism attracted many foreigners such as Palladius, Rufinous, Jerome and John Cassian to the Egyptian desert.
Monastic life flourished throughout Egypt. This can be seen by the number of monasteries in various parts of the country. Through the contributions of Coptic monks and laity, the Coptic Church is extremely rich in culture, tradition, heritage, saints, and spirituality.

Father Maximous el Antony
Monastery of St. Antony
Red Sea